A study published in the journal Nature Reviews Earth and Environment on Thursday shows that global climate change is driving an increase in the severity and frequency of La Nina and El Nino events.
A team of researchers from several countries, including China and Australia, found evidence that the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), a major climate driver, has become more intense as a result of increasing greenhouse gas emissions.
ENSO is one of the most globally significant climate phenomena, with a major influence on temperatures and rainfall worldwide.
Recent El Nino events have been linked to devastating droughts and bushfires in Australia while three consecutive La Nina years between 2020 and 2022 brought record-breaking rain and flooding across the country.
🎞️ What you need to know about El Niño and La Niña 🧐 pic.twitter.com/9PmqKelEsr
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The study compared ENSO events in the 60 years pre- and post-1960. They found that the number of strong El Nino events doubled from two in the pre-1960 to four in the post-1960, while the number of strong La Nina increased from one to nine.
“The current paper provides modeling evidence that climate change has already made El Nino and La Nina more frequent and more extreme,” lead researcher Cai Wenju was quoted by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) on Friday.
“The result suggests that the extreme floods and droughts we have seen in Australia are at least in part attributable to climate change through the increasing El Nino-La Nina.”
During La Nina events, sea surface temperatures in the equatorial Pacific are lower than the long-term average, causing cooler global temperatures and vice-versa for El Nino.
The Secretary General of the United Nations (UN), Antonio Guterres warned the Security Council (UNSC) that the rise in sea level generated by climate change threatens entire communities on the planet and is especially serious to almost 900 million people living in low-lying areas pic.twitter.com/YmzPrQFNvx
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