• Poster of Lenin celebrating The Decree on Peace

    Bolshevism, Balfour and Zionism: A tale of two centenaries

    November 2017 marked the centenary of two of the most decisive events in the twentieth century: the Bolshevik-led revolution in Russia and the Balfour Declaration in Britain.… At loggerheads were two mutually exclusive political objectives: the one to promote worldwide, anti-imperialist revolution; the other, to further British imperial interests in the Middle East.