Twenty-one-year-old Black Panther Party deputy chair Fred Hampton and his comrade Mark Clark were assassinated in a 1969 pre-dawn raid in Chicago. Arguably the most talented and politically astute of the Panther leaders, Hampton was renowned for inspiring activists of all colours. But he was betrayed by William O’Neal, his bodyguard and the Panthers’ head of security, who was an FBI informant.
“Under Fred,” said David Hilliard, the former head of the National Black Panther Party, “Chicago was the most active and exemplary chapter in the country. The young man was magnetic. He was born for leadership.”